Lincoln Assasination

 

The assassination of President Lincoln April 16, 1865

President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated during a play at Ford’s Theatre. Originally Lincoln was supposed to be kidnapped along with the vice president but when this fell through he was shot. He was shot by actor John Wilkes Booth. During the 3rd act of Our American Cousin, Booth crept into the presidential box and fired a single shot into the president’s cerebrum. Booth then jumped from the box attempting to reach the stage but broke his leg in the fall. Nonetheless, John Wilkes  Booth escaped.

This is important because President Lincoln had previously led the civil war and freed the slaves from confederates. He was well respected before and after his death. This was also the first successful presidential assassination.

The hunt for John Wilkes Booth was one of the largest manhunts in history. He was recognized right away so authorities were right on his trail. A tip lead Federal troops to where Booth was staying with a confederate sympathizer. The barn he was sleeping in was set ablaze but he was still shot. Before he died he stared at his hands muttering “useless… useless…”

Booth was a famous actor and confederate sympathizer during a break from acting he got involved in a plan to kill the president and vice president. Booth was shot on sight and therefore never got a trial.He died by the burning barn with federal troops by his side attempting to keep him alive.David E. George Mummy 1

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JFK Assasination

President John F. Kennedy was shot on November 22, 1963

John and his wife Jackie just minutes before the assassination

The assassination of President John F. Kennedy has become a household name. He was killed during a motorcade through Dallas, Texas. Two shots were fired and a cry of “I’ve been hit!” was heard from the wounded president.

President Kennedy was loved and adored by many. He was young, handsome and charismatic. In a way, he was the embodiment of a new generation. So it comes as no surprise that his assassination shocked and devastated many.

Lee Harvey Oswald was a US marine that moved to Russia. He returned some years later with a wife and family. Oswald was seen on the 6th floor of his work building with a rifle. He was also seen leaving the building after JKF was shot.

Oswald was caught after the owner of a shoe store saw him entering a theater without paying and decided to call the police. Oswald was confronted by the police and taken into custody but not before he pulled out a pistol and attempted to shoot one of the officers. He successfully killed Officer J.D. Tippins. Originally he was arrested for the murder of police officer J.D. Tippins. He was then questioned for two days but never admitted to killing the president.

Lee Harvey Oswald being shot by Jack Ruby

 

Oswald was killed by Jack Ruby on November 24 before he could be put to trial. He was shot as police were transferring him to the county prison for higher security. Jack Ruby, a nightclub owner, claimed he killed Oswald out of rage from the president’s death but was charged with murder in the first degree none the less

JFK Assassination – History Channel

The Lindburgh Baby Kidnapping

Mar. 1, 1932 – May 12, 1932

Charles and Anne Lindbergh
Charles Lindburgh Jr.

Charles Augustus Lindburgh Jr., son of Anne and Charles Lindbergh, was kidnapped from his second story nursery while the parents were home.

On may 12th, 1932 the baby’s body was accidentally found partially buried near a highway.The kidnapping was a tragic event, as the child was accidentally killed as the kidnapper took him from the Lindbergh home. But the true significance of the event is that the ‘Lindbergh Law‘ was enacted, which set in place stiff penalties for kidnapping and for crimes against children.

At the time of the kidnapping, the Lindbergh’s received 12 ransom notes and Mr. Lindbergh had reached out to the kidnapper for the babies safe return. After the body was found, a two-year investigation was launched with the FBI. All of the Lindbergh staff were under investigation as well as many others. Violet Sharpe, a maid to Anne’s mother committed suicide via poison right before she was requestioned. Dr. Codon, a friend of Mr. Lindburgh was assisting him in finding the Lindbergh baby. He even got so close as to meet a figure named “John” in a cemetery in the middle of the night.  Eventually, Bruno Hauptmann, a carpenter from Germany, was taken into custody. There was a lot of key prosecution evidence but all of it was very loosely based. First off, Bruno matched the description of “John” as described by Dr. Condon. However, this is based off a police sketch of what Dr. Codon saw in the middle of the night. Hauptmann had quit his job right after the ransom money was paid. Handwriting samples from Bruno Hauptman were found to be very similar to that of the ransom notes. Wood from Hauptmann’s attic was analyzed and found to be the exact grain as the ladder used to climb to the nursery. Finally, $14,000 in ransom money was found in the garage. it was concealed by framing lumber and shellac.

Ransom letters

 

Hauptmann served in WW1 after many of his family members died. After the war, Hauptmann struggled with crime and even robbed a house using a ladder. He illegally entered the US on a cruise liner where he became a carpenter up until the ransom money was paid.

The trail lasted thirty-two days. After a grand total of one-hundred-and-sixty-two witnesses, the jury was sent to reach a decision. Later that night, the jury announced their decision. “We find the defendant, find Bruno Richard Hauptmann, guilty of murder in the first degree.” Judge Trenchard asked Hauptmann to stand as he pronounced sentence: “The sentence of the court is that you suffer death at the time and place, and in the manner specified by law.”[1] Many today deliberate whether the jury was biased towards the fact that Hauptmann was German. This is because tensions between Germany and the US were building as Hitler rose to power.

At 8:44 on the evening of April 3, 1936, in the New Jersey State Prison, two thousand volts of electricity were sent through Mr. Hauptmann’s body.

Dennis Nilsen

“The Muswell Hill Murderer” – “The Kindly Killer”

Dennis Nilsen committed his crimes between 1978 – 1983
Dennis Andrew Nilsen
Nilsen killed at least 15 people during the span of his crimes all of them were male. Stephen Dean Holmes, Kenneth Ockendon, Martyn Duffey, Billy Sutherland, Malcolm Barlow, John Howlett, Graham Allen, Stephen Sinclair, and 3 other unknown males were all victims.
He would bring them up to his room on the pretense of either for sex or company. He would then strangle or drown his victims. After he killed them he would have intercourse with the corpses before dismembering them and dumping them down various drains.

Dennis Nilsen identified as a homosexual which explains the only male victim list. His father was alcoholic and his parents divorced when he was four. After this split, he was sent to live with his grandparents and then later went back to live with his mother. The divorce of his parents, the loss of his beloved grandfather and growing up in a strict catholic household may have had an impact on the mental state that led to him becoming a serial killer.  It is worth mentioning that his obsession with necrophilia may have developed from the fact that a dead body could never abandon him.

When the odor of rotting bodies stuffed inside closets, suitcases and plastic bags started to reach the other tenants of Nilsen’s apartment building he disposed of them by trying to flush them down the toilet which promptly got clogged. when a company was called to unblock the drains, they first found it clogged with a flesh-like substance. but when someone came back to check the next day the toilet was unclogged. this brought suspicion from those who were working on the toilet so police were called. bones were later found that turned out to be of human origin. The police found many body parts through simple inspection of the apartment and Nilsen was sent to trial.
Nilsen seemed unphased by the trial and was sentenced to life in prison.

He is still in jail today at age 70, as a Home Secretary imposed a life tariff meaning he would never get out of jail.

Dennis Nilsen has been rumored to have written an autobiography titled “The History of a Drowning Boy” [1] to be released following his death. However, it is not known if this is true or not. The flat where Nilsen committed some of these violent crimes just sold for £300,000

 

Jack The Ripper

“The Whitechapel Murderer”
“Leather Apron”

1888~1891*

Whitechapel was an area of London that was overcrowded, impoverished with either unemployed or blue-collar. because of the economic conditions and poverty, this drove many women to prostitution. Social unrest and tensions between the police and the public may be a possible reason for lack of witnesses. The “canonical five” Mary Ann Nichols, Annie Chapman, Elizabeth Stride, Catherine Eddowes, and Mary Jane Kelly and their murders are most likely to be linked. However, they were never solved. All five victims were prostitutes, had similar wounds. The canonical 5 were all found during the middle of a night on or close to a weekend or the end of a month. All 5  victims were murdered inside a 1 mile radius and lived within a couple hundred yards of each other.  Because it happened at night there were no witnesses and no solid evidence to find a suspect. The severity of each mutilation progressed with each victim.

One of his trademarks was the vulgar nature of these murders. Typically their throats were severed prior to abdominal mutilations. Sometimes he would remove the organs including in one case, the uterus. The mutilations were done in such a way or with such precision that they believe there may have been some surgical or anatomical knowledge. Then the bodies were left on the streets for passers-by to find.

The identity of Jack the Ripper is still unknown (although there are 100s of theories including Patricia Cornwall’s Portrait of a Killer in which she uses forensic evidence to ‘uncover’ his identity). However, the FBI compiled a psychological profile on what the killer’s home life may have been like. He would have dressed fancier than every day to draw the ladies in.  Because the murders took place under the cover of night it is thought that Jack the ripper may have had a regular job and lived away from the Whitechapel area but close to it. The severity of these crimes suggests psychopathic behaviour. Imposters started popping up all over the place. Writing letters, even committing more murders. However, the FBI report discounted all of these in their report.

Patricia Cornwall identified Walter Sickert as the man behind Jack The Ripper

Jack the Ripper was never caught. Scotland Yard used several techniques to try to catch him but this mostly included trial and error. These crimes were investigated by many levels of police from local, to Scotland yard, and later to the FBI. Thousands were interviewed with hundreds investigated and many detained for further questioning. There were over a hundred suspects named. Even local vigilantes assisted in searching for Jack the ripper which was caused in part by the people’s lack of trust in the police.  With little to go on in way of evidence  as to an identity and due to the nature of the crimes, professionals such as butchers doctors and surgeons were focused on by the police. Those with solid alibis were eliminated as suspects.  Later some theories disclaimed the surgical skill angle and suggested there may be a more sexual link. Some theories may have even suggested a religious cleansing but there is little to support this theory. The wide range of suspects, the overall transient nature of Whitechapel, the lack of evidence, and witnesses, contributed to the inability to identify or capture Jack The Ripper.

Since there was never a capture a trial could never be held.
given the time from It’s pretty safe to assume that whoever Jack the Ripper was; is now dead.

 

Jack the Ripper vs Hannibal Lecter. Epic Rap Battles of History …

 

Albert Fish

Howard Hamilton “Albert” Fish also known as The Gray Man, The Werewolf of Wisteria, The Brooklyn Vampire, The Moon Maniac, and The Boogey Man.

His crimes were committed approximately from 1924~1934.

Fish claimed to have “had children in every state”[1] but no one is sure what he means by this.  He was a suspect in five murders and confessed to the following three: Grace Budd, Billy Gaffney, and Francis X. McDonnell.

Grace Budd lived from 1918-1928. Fish gained the trust of the Budds by pretending to be an elderly farmer who needed help from Mr. Budd. Mr. Fish lured ten-year-old Grace by telling her parents that he would take her to a birthday party. After a little convincing, Grace’s parents let her go. That would be the last time they saw her. He took her to an old house where he strangled her then cut her up with a meat cleaver. Her body was never found because Fish ate her remains. We know the details of this crime because Fish wrote a letter to the Budd family detailing what he had done to their daughter.

Billy Gaffney lived from 1923-1927. Billy was playing outside with an older boy and a boy the same age as him when the older boy went inside for a moment. When he returned both Billy and the younger boy were gone. That boy was later found on the roof saying the Boogie Man took Billy but no one believed him. Fish confessed to the murder and its details in a letter to his attorney.  The details of the crime have never been made public and the body of Billy Gaffney has never been found.

Francis McDonnell lived from 1916-1924. Fish was seen walking by Francis and his friends earlier in the day looking visibly upset. Later that same day Fish came by and called Francis over to him. A neighbour reported that he saw them together near the spot where Francis’s body was found. He had been assaulted and strangled with his own suspenders.

Fish preferred cannibalism but he had also been known to strangulate, decapitate, and mutilate his victims. After his victims were dead he would butcher them and cook them. He would eat as much as he could storing the rest for later and tossing out the bones, head, and guts into nearby woods.

Fish’s father was 75 years old at the time of his birth, and his mother was 32. He was named Howard Hamilton Fish but changed to Albert after his brother Albert died. For unclear reasons, Fish spent his early childhood in an orphanage until his mother removed him around age 10. His family is believed to have a history of mental illness including religious psychosis. Fis himself had delusions and hallucinations. Fish was masochistic. This is believed to have grown from his upbringing in an orphanage where boys were spanked. His obsession grew to the point he would smack and be smacked with a paddle studded with one and a half-inch nails, light cotton balls soaked with alcohol to his anus and repeatedly insert nails into his rectum and pelvis. He enjoyed paraphilia after a relationship with a boy who also enjoyed it. Fish’s mother arranged a marriage for him where he fathered 6 kids but this did not last long as his wife left him for another man.

Fish was caught through a letter that he sent to Grace’s mother. The letter sent to Mrs.Budd is available online here but is quite disturbing. In it, Fish details exactly how he killed Grace how each part of her body tasted and where he got the idea to start eating children. The police tracked the return address to an apartment where the landlord said Fish came every month to collect his son’s paycheque. A stakeout eventually led to the capture of Albert Fish.

Albert Fish’s trial lasted only 10 days. Fish’s defence attorney was James Dempsey. When Fish was asked for his plea he claimed not guilty by reason of insanity.  He said that he heard voices from God telling him to do everything that he did. Even so, the jury took one hour to sentence him to the death penalty by way of the electric chair.

Fish was sent to Sing Sing prison to be electrocuted. There is a rumor that it took two tries to kill Fish because of the nails in his pelvis shorted out the chair.Image result for grace budd found

BIO SDS

https://magic.piktochart.com/output/13769194-bio-sds?presentation=true

SELF ASSESSMENT

I believe that I earned the mark I gave myself because I challenged myself through learning how to do a complicated thing for the sake of the assignment. In most ways I challenged Myself with this topic and I really hope it all shows up because piktochart is having problems. I took the time to go through many resources including ones from my HS20 SDS.

Team Task 1

Graysen, Tanner, and Danni

Active

Endocytosis: Graysen mixed cornstarch and water together to make a putty. She added black iron powder into the putty to make the putty magnetic. Then we added metal on top of the putty and the putty “absorbed it”. This was a model of endocytosis because the putty was taking in the matter of a cell.
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Exocytosis: For this, we “released” energy, by simply throwing a ball! We used energy to bring the ball to throwing, and energy to throw, and then released the energy with the ball.
Exocytosis

Passive

Osmosis: tea bag!!! This is similar to diffusion, but deals with water instead. Which is why we used tea seeping through.25-Apr16-135220

Diffusion: Using hourglasses…. area of high concentration to low concentration. High being the top part of the timer, to the low part of the timer!

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Facilitated: Walking through a revolving door, not using much energy. Which is why we did a revolving door! Not a regular door.

25-Apr16-135127

SDS proposal

Focus Question: How do the genes 5-HTT and CaMKII affect mood disorders?

How I Plan To Answer My Question: I plan to answer this by finding links between mood disorders and the genes. I plan to look into the genes themselves and see what about them could be a factor as to why someone may develop a mood disorder.

How Does Your Focus Question Relate To The Course: Because I’m looking at genetics and individual genes, and our course is about evolution and genetics I plan to relate it in that way.

Format:  I’m not sure how I will present my project yet but I plan to go creative with it.

Resourses: I won’t need any resources to complete my sds as I am not conducting an experiment.